To impart a fundamental understanding on the various environmental problems associated with oil and gas exploration and production; and subsequently to bring into perspective the environmental impact associated with both onshore and offshore environments. To understand the main issues and remediation techniques associated with the solid, liquid and gaseous wastes emerging from oil and gas exploration and production technologies; and to apply a critical-thinking and problem-solving approach in o
In a structured manner, this course introduces the concepts, applications and open research issues related to artificial technology that are needed to understand, design, know the latest technologies to lift wellbore fluids to the surface.
Introduction to reservoir simulation; need for numerical solutions; Taylor series; error terms; discussion of the numerical approximations; spatial and temporal derivatives for finite difference approximation; discrete flow equations for single phase flow: general reservoir flow equations; reduction to the black oil model; discretization of the advective and diffusive/dispersive dominated transport equations; formulation of boundary conditions; discretization of source/sink terms; definition of
Outline of seismic exploration methods; Theory of seismic waves briefintroduction to elasticity theory, wave equation, plane and spherical wave solutions, body and surface waves; reflection, refraction and diffraction; Seismic velocity, measurement and use of velocity data; Characteristics of seismic events.Data collection: Overview of reflection, refraction, 3D methods and specialized techniques.Reflection methods: Field techniques; Seismic data processing – Fourier transforms, convolution, and
Properties and Measurement of Natural Gas: Phase behavior fundamentals, qualitative and quantitative phase behavior, vapor liquid equilibrium.Equation of state, critical pressure and temperature determination. Gas compressibility,viscosity and thermal conductivity, formation volume factor. Gas flow measurement, and fundamentals, Gas Reservoir Performance, Steady State Flow of Gas in Production Tubing, Temperatures profiling in flowing gas systems.Natural gas processing, Gas Compression, Gas Gath
General EOR: Definition of Reserves, Environmental and Economics Aspects of EOR Methods, Displacement Fundamentals, Reservoir Engineering Concepts for EOR, Factors Affecting Oil Recovery, Comparative Performance of Different EOR Methods, Screening Criteria and Technical Constraints. Miscible Processes: General Overview of Solvent Methods, Phase Behavior Fundamentals from: Pressure/Temperature and Pressure/Composition Diagrams, Quantitative Representation of Phase Equilibria Processes. Chemical and Polymer Flooding: Fractional Flow Theory, Dissipation in Immiscible Displacements, Applications of Fractional Flow in Oil Recovery Calculations, Homogeneous Reservoirs: Buckley-Leverett. One-dimensional displacement, Layered Reservoirs: Styles,VDykstra-ParsonsVand Johnson Methods. Improved Waterflooding Processes: Polymer Flooding, Rheology of Polymer Solutions, Polymer Adsorption and Retention, Micellar-Polymer or Microemulsion Flooding, Properties of Surfactants and Cosurfactants, Surfactant-Brine-Oil Phase Behavior, Performance Evaluation, Determination of Residual Oil Saturation-Tracers. Thermal Processes: Steam Injection Processes, Cyclic and Continuous Steam Injection, Thermal Properties of Fluids and Solids, Steam Properties: Flow Rate and Quality Measurements. Temperature Effect on Reservoir and Fluid Properties, Viscosity Reduction, Thermal Expansion, Oil Characterization for Thermal Reservoir Simulation, Evaluation of Heat Losses, Prediction of Steam Flood Performance, Cyclic Steam Performance: Marx-Langenheim model., Steamflood Performance: Gomaa’s Method. Microbial EOR: Well bore clean up, well stimulation and enhanced water floods using microbes.